English Language Acquisition - Proficiency Levels

ENTERING:

  • Limited communication in English

  • Limited or no receptive or expressive vocabulary

  • Only isolated words and expressions produced

  • Limited or no understanding of English structure

  • Limited or no understanding of English phonology

  • Little or no experience with reading of visual symbols (depends on age group)

  • Only operates in the concrete

  • Unable to understand standardized tests

BEGINNING:

  • Limited ability to communicate in English

  • Limited receptive or expressive vocabulary

  • Use of some phrases

  • Incoherent sentences produced

  • Little understanding of English structure & sound system

  • Little experience with reading of visual symbols

  • Understands concrete concepts

  • Understands about 25% of standardized tests

DEVELOPING:

  • Some communicative abilities in English

  • Some receptive and expressive vocabulary

  • Some complete sentences with errors

  • Some understanding of the English structure & sound system

  • Some experience with reading visual symbols

  • Standardized test scores are below grade level

EXPANDING:

  • Similar native communicative abilities in English

  • Some receptive and expressive vocabulary

  • Some complete sentences with errors

  • Good understanding of the English structure & sound system

  • Some experience with reading visual symbols

  • Understand concrete concepts and at times understands abstract ideas

  • Standardized test scores are below grade level

BRIDGING:

  • Almost native-like communicative abilities in English

  • Developing receptive and expressive vocabulary

  • Complete sentences for developmental age

  • Good Understanding of English structure

  • Occasional errors

  • Well-produced phonetic sounds

  • Advanced Decoding skills

  • Well-developed literal comprehension skills

  • Understands concrete and abstract concepts 

  • Mostly operates in the abstract

  • Standardized tests still below grade level, but closer than that of Intermediate


COMMON ACRONYMS

Related to ESL Programs & Students:

BICS = Basic Interpersonal Communications Skills
CALP = Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency
ELL = English Language Learner
ELD = English Language Development
ESL = English as a Second Language
ESOL= English to Speakers of Other Languages
LEP = Limited English Proficiency
CLD = Culturally & Linguistically Diverse
HLS = Home Language Survey
NES = Non-English Speaker
FES = Fluent English Speaker
LES = Limited English Speaker
TESOL = Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages

LIEP = Language Instruction Educational Program